Water, Ecosystems and Energy in South Asia

Making Cross-Border Collaboration Work

Programmatic Approach to Impacts of Climate Risks On Water

Hydropower and Dams

International Conference on Climate and Environment Change Impacts on the Indus Basin Waters


Water Resource Software

Application Overview and Review

Proceedings of the Regional Flood Early Warning System Workshop




The South Asia Water Initiative (SAWI) is designed to support countries improve and deepen transboundary dialog, enhance the basin and water resources knowledge base, strengthen water institutions, and support investments that lead to sustainable, fair and inclusive development.
In achieving its objective, SAWI adopts four guiding principles. These include: promotion of an integrated water resources management approach encompassing adaptation to climate change; a focus on enhancing transboundary cooperation in water resource management to deliver mutual benefits; engagement of the broadest possible range of perspectives in water management, both across disciplines and across diverse stakeholders; and emphasis on the importance of focused debate to pose questions and guide analyses and to ensure transparency, legitimacy and accountability.


This report documents instances of cross-border cooperation on water issues, highlight the benefits that accrue from this cooperation, and sets out how cross-border collaboration is forged. Many view water as a zero-sum resource, to be divided between South Asian countries on an arbitrary percentage basis. Yet given the challenges ahead, this zero-sum approach will only exacerbate tension. Instead, research and policy need to connect water to its uses, viewing it through a new lens so that it can be approached as a source of mutual benefit to all stakeholders.

This report provides an overview of motivation for and design of the programmatic approach, decision-making under climate uncertainty, sediment management in South Asia, estimating the effect of climate change on the cryosphere and hydrology of South Asia, and recommendations for robust planning and design of hydropower.

This report provides an overview of the international conference in February 2016. The conference aimed to facilitate ongoing research and interventions related to climate change and adaptation, the cryosphere and waters of the Indus basin. It was also aimed at providing the latest understanding of physical processes related to climate, cryosphere changes and water availability, including current and future trends in water demand. The conference attempted to develop a framework to synergize the research and implementation efforts of various institutions and individuals.

This document provides an overview of how Water Resource Softwares (WRS) are used to manage water resources issues, criteria for WRS selection, and a high level review of WRS currently available that central and state governments of India can use for water management. The water resource issues covered include water allocation and planning, flood management, groundwater management, conjunctive use, water quality, and sediment transport.

This Hadzard Report formulated in 2015 presents the geographical impacts of floods on various sectors exposed in the areas the Ganges Basin passes through. The objective is to enhance the knowledge base for better understanding of the socio-economic impacts of flooding in the basin.The World Bank created this report in collaboration with RMSI consultants. This report includes information on exposure data compilation, initial results of hazard assessment, model development results, and assumptions and challenges.




Brahmaputra Basin 

Improving shared understanding and management of the Brahmaputra River basin as a means to strengthen resilience and support economic growth for the riparian countries.

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Ganges Basin

Improving the shared understanding, management and development of the Ganges River Basin to support economic growth for the riparian countries and resilience to existing variability and climate change

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Indus Basin

Strengthening water resources management and coordination among riparian countries to improve water and energy security

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Sundarbans Landscape

Operationalizing joint management of the Sundarbans for sustainable development and to deliver mutual benefits for the two countrie

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Regional Cooperation

Building knowledge and capacity across the region in support of transboundary basin-focused dialog and cooperation

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